• Stage / Internship
  • Overal

For MARIN Academy we are looking for a student for the following internship:

Comparison & Review of Autonomous Ships Guidelines to define the requirements for a test & validation simulation system

Current advances in measurement techniques, data collection and storage, data-science techniques have the potential to revolutionize the building and operation of ships. The IMO and the classification societies have recognized the need for guidelines with respect to autonomous ships and autonomous shipping and significant work is being done in establishing and adapting the regulatory framework to accommodate autonomous ships & shipping.
On the other hand, ships represent a significant investment and their lifetime is in the order of 25~30 years. Therefore, there will likely be a significant transition period with a gradual increase of automation, decision support systems on board and onshore. This might lead for some vessel types to fully autonomous ships, remotely monitored and without a crew on board. During this transition period, and thereafter, human operated ships, (fully) autonomous ships and everything in between, will share the seas and oceans.

Figure 1 MS AURIS – MARIN's Autonomous Test-platform

The IMO regulations and the various classification guidelines & guidance notes have similarities but on the other hand follow a different approach, details will certainly differ. It is important for MARIN to be aware of the current status of these development and of the differences between these to be able to develop valuable services for the maritime industry.
Fully autonomous ships are considered to be a dot on the horizon. The focus of the study shall be on automation & decision support (both on the ships & shore) which together might lead to fully autonomous ships.

Figure 2 Project steps

The assignment is to compare the IMO MASS regulations and the guidelines / guidance notes of the most important classification societies (BV, LR, DnV GL, ABS) and define a series of  test, validation and training scenario’s for autonomous ships operating in a maritime traffic system. The scenario’s will then be used to define the requirements for a simulation environment. Aspects to take into account are:

  • Design of ships & systems (hard- and software, human factors)
  • The role of shore control / monitoring
  • FMECA (Failure Mode Effect & Criticality Analysis)
  • Design verification (early testing & validation)
  • Operation of ships
  • Crew training.

The work breakdown:

  • Start with IMO MASS
  • Identify the ‘most important’ classification societies
  • Identify the common ground and the differences wrt the aspects defined above
  • Develop test scenarios of increasing complexity for a validation simulation framework for autonomous ships wrt the aspects defined above
  • Define the requirements for a test & validation simulation system.
  • Report & present the results.

The duration of the internship is 4 to 6 month. The start date of the internship can be discussed.
University level 3rd year apprenticeship in Naval Architecture or similar.

Department and supervisor 
You will execute your internship at the Performance at Sea department of MARIN. For more information please contact Egbert Ypma, e.ypma@marin.nl
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